بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Last Summer 2014, on the 20th June, Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan (NAK) came to Masjid Besi Putrajaya to give a talk on "Divine Speech".
Last 2 years, I wrote about the most important surah in the Quran, the surah we recite each rakaah in every prayer. Suratul Fatihah.
Refer this link
Last week, I back up all the notes in my previous phone, sent it to my current phone using whatsapp and there are a lot of valuable notes. This note on NAK talk about Suratul Fatihah is very beneficial to me.
1st Part: Allah (Rabb)
Hadith: Half of the prayer is for me and half of it is for my slaves
'Hamd': Praise and thanks
Difference between a noun and verb:-
- 'Alhamdulillah' is a noun (permanent; does not have tense)
- 'Nahmaduhu' is a verb (has tense; temporary)
- Verb need someone to do it, noun does not need a doer
- Verb depends on the doer, noun depends on nothing
Informational vs emotional sentences:-
- 'Inna' must be informational
- Without 'inna', it can be both. Allah is speaking of the heart and the mind.
Command: Do it or don't
'Alhamdulillah' and 'walillahil hamd' (normal and unusual) in arabic, unusual order means "only".
'Walillahil hamd' is used in Surah Jathiyah. Use for arguments, so Fatihah did not start with argument.
Name and describe self (introducing). Allah is His name.
All of Allah's name is in Allah.
'Rabbil 'alamin' (Story of Magician), 'Amanna birabbil 'alamin, rabbi Musa wa Harun'.
Sometimes you only praise or thank.
'Hamd' is praise and thank at the same time.
'Alhamdulillah' doesn't change.
So we must have permanent attitude towards 'alhamdulillah'.
'Rabb': Someone who own, in charge, caretaker, the one who give gifts, maintainer.
Summary of the Quran: Accept the fact that you are 'Abd and Allah is the Rabb.
Human slavery: Slave hate their masters and never give 'hamd' to them.
'Rabb' = Master
'Rabbil 'Alamin' = Master of The Universe
'Ar-Rahm' means love and care --> Example mother
- Right now
- Temporary (only when you get rid of it)
- Not necessarily right now
Why 'Ar-Rahman' first and 'Ar-Rahim' second?
When humans are in trouble, they only think about right now.
'Maliki yaumiddin': Allah will judge us and punish us for our wrongdoings at once on the Day of Judgment.
Allah showed us his love and care, and also justice.
To be continue. The 2nd part is about us, the slaves.