بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Continuing from the first part about Allah our Rabb in the previous post, the second part in Suratul Fatihah is about us, the slaves
The second part starts with the fifth ayah in the surah.
2nd Part: Slaves
'Iyyaka na'budu': Only you we worship and give in slavery; I'm ready to be your slave.
A slave does what the master want.
But I cannot do it alone, I need your help; 'Iyyaka nasta'in'.
Slave to Allah get helps from the master.
Human will always be a slave, in order to be free from all this slavery is to be the slave of Allah.
If you already try yourself, only then you will realise you need Allah's help and Allah will only help you when you try.
To do something, there are two things that is needed.
1. Your efforts.
2. Allah's help
Allah knows the best help you need.
But why 'iyyaka na'budu' first?
1. Human being's mission.
2. First is Allah, second is you.
The slave can only do what the master wants only when he knows what the master wants.
3rd Part: Guidance
So we ask Allah to guide us. 'Ihdina as-sirothol mustaqim'
If 'ila' is used: Give direction
If 'li' is used: Give company
If 'ba' is used: Give means
If none of them is used, it means all of them is used (in Arabic). This means that we are asking Allah for knowledge, we are asking Allah's company and we are asking Allah's help in using the road.
'Siroth' means the straight road.
'Mustaqim' means straight up.
What does it implies?
The higher, the farther from dunya.
The higher, the more danger.
The higher, the closer to Allah.
The higher, the higher position in Allah's eyes.
The higher, the scarier.
'Ghoiril maghdu bi'alaihim'
'Maghdub is a noun and passive. It means receiving wrath permanently, whose wrath?
4. Every side
'Adhollin' means the lost.
Ask to not be in the ignorance.
3rd: Straight path (Knowledge + Action)
1st: Personal emotion
2nd: A group/collective/community
'Iyyaka na'budu' is the conclusion of the first part. Introduction to part 3 is 'iyyaka nasta'in'.
The ultimate help is guidance.
Fatihah is balance.
Quran is balance.
In Fatihah, we ask protection from social evil. (In An-Nas, we ask protection from individual evil).